Contexts of Metropolis and 1984


Russian revolution, November 1917

Socialists led by Lenin and Trotsky overthrow imperial order and execute Tsar and his relatives in July 1918 Revolutionary socialism seen as alternate politics system to capitalism Large amount of mutinies and happens especially from the army who were weakened coming from war with Germany and did not feel like they had the capacity to shut over the outbreak Socialists had support from decrease classes and political left with the Interino Government having state power leading to a period of dual power ensuing

World War My spouse and i

Germany had to pay off huge amounts of reparations money and debt resulting from its defeat in WWI Workers endured as those had to labour hard to hold Germany from falling even though the rich had been hedonist Social crisis- Chef and traditional authority declined, democracy known as way forward but just experimented with instead of fully built-in Opposing sights: capitalism and communism

Climb of Soviet Russia as well as Influence about Germany

Geographical proximity to Germany- socialist revolution was a continuous issue The workers and upper class despite being seperated, are actually quite close to the other person in terms of position Inspired a socialist wave in Australia which failed

Weimar Republic (established 1919) saw a large number of political extreme conditions and political violence Classic authorities had been rejected: democracy was tried, including a democratic national set up and a new constitution

Sociable Unrest in Weimar Republic from Innovation

Economic misery followed Globe War 1

Rise of labour moves and unions in the twenties due to oppressive working circumstances Exploitation of workers (e. g. The Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Flames in 1911) November Revolution (1918-1919)

Encouraged by Cycles in The ussr

A need intended for the for the workers for taking control after decades of your oppressed reduce class together with the higher classes being the methods educated in addition to control In March 1920, the Kapp Putsch that aimed to set up a new government as the rebels had been angry in them for signing the Treaty of Versailles. " Backstabbed by politicians”

Nationalist terror organizations assassinated 356 government politicians

Rise of Nationalism plus the Nazi Party/Hitler

Nationalism Socialist German Worker's Party, anti-Russian and very nationalistic Represented key force opposing socialist trend

1924, Hitler attempted percussion but jailed

Mein Kampf written while Hitler was imprisoned

Might 1925 to October 1926, rise of Hitler coincides with producing of Metropolis 1929, referendum for " Law Against the Enslavement from the German People" (halting reparations payments) wasn't passed, but attention and support of Hitler plus the Nazis attained


Climb of skyscrapers in Nyc and Chi town

Modern Capitalism and Marxist thinking merged

Hugo Stinnes

Prosperous Industrialist

Introduction of 8 hour working day

Acquired newspapers and a new monopoly press like impact over the persons Reparations and hyperinflation

Larger wealth gap between poor and abundant. Big industrialists could pay back debt quickly despite the hyperinflation and worthlessness of the forex


Growth of German theatre during Weimar period

Showmanship afraid of Weimar cinema because better quality than Hollywood films Films such as:


The Cabinet of Dr . Caligari

Dr Mabuse the Gambler


Large use of Expressionism

Also Modernist aspects including the architecture in Metropolis Judaeo-Christian imagery applied

Garden of Eden

Tower system of Algarabia

Coming of Christ

Whore of Babylon

Seven Dangerous Sins


Political Framework pre-World Warfare Two

Rise of totalitarianism in1930s particularly in Europe

All dictators

Large purges







Perils of absolute politics authority in an age of advanced technology Orwell identifies their routines as stuffed with ‘ nightmarish atrocities' during his time in Italy...


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