The connection between a unit and other models (inner relations between units). No unit can be used individually; it is an element in the system of different units. This sort of meaning is referred to as syntactic. Formal relation of units to each other is examined by syntactics (or syntax). Only interior (syntactic) contact between linguistic units served the basis for linguistic examination while the reference of words and phrases to the objective reality and language users were actually not regarded Syntactic units can go into 3 types of syntactic relations. Coordination (SR1) – syntagmatic contact of independence. SR1 could be observed within the phrase, word and textual content levels. Skill may be symmetrical and uneven. Symmetric skill is seen as a complete interchangeability of their elements – pens and pencils. Uneven coordination occurs when the position of elements is definitely fixed: ladies and gentlemen. Forms of interconnection within SR1 may be copulative (you and me), disjunctive (you or me), adversative (strict yet just) and causative-consecutive (sentence and text level only). Subordination (SR2) – syntagmatic relations of dependence. SR2 are established between the matters of different linguistic rank. They may be observed on the phrase and sentence level. Subordination may be of 3 different kinds – adverbial (to speak slowly), objective (to see a house) and attributive (a beautiful flower). Kinds of subordination might also be different – agreement (this book – these books), government (help us), adjournment (the utilization of modifying contaminants just, only, even, and so forth ) and enclosure (the use of modal words and the equivalents actually, after all, etc . ). Predication (SR3) – syntagmatic associations of interdependence. Predication might be of two kinds – primary (sentence level) and secondary (phrase level). Major predication is usually observed between the subject plus the predicate of the sentence when secondary predication is observed between nonfinite forms of the verb and...


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