Amines are compounds composed of nitrogen atoms bearing alkyl or perhaps aromatic chemical substances. Amines undertake interesting reactions, one of which can be with the reaction with nitrous oxide acid producing an azo dye. With this study, the experiment aimed at synthesizing an observing the physical houses of Sudan-1. Sudan-1 is of the most common inorganic dyes found in waxes, oils and in some food materials specifically curry and chilli powder. Furthermore, this examine aimed to understand the mechanism in back of the activity of 1-phenylazo-2-naphtol. To be able to synthesize Sudan-1, planning of phenyldiazonium chloride option and β- naphthol option were performed. Ingrain dyeing was likewise done in this kind of experiment. The synthesis of Sudan-1 provides a two-step response – diazotization and coupling reactions. Diazotization is the creation of diazonium salt, in the mean time, the joining reaction happened when an activated aromatic compound, β-naphtol was reacted with the diazonium sodium, benzene diazonium chloride, to form the azo compound known as the 1-phenylazo-2-naphthol. Consequently, an orange-red precipitate was formed after group of reaction. Therefore, all the said objectives with this experiment had been achieved.


Amines are compounds that are composed of a nitrogen atom bearing alkyl or aromatic groupings. They are fundamental and nucleophilic because of their lone pair. That they occur both in plants and animals. Amines produces many of the most interesting results and of the regular reaction of aminewith nitrous chemical p producing a absorb dyes[4]. Alizarin, for example can be described as red coloring extracted from madder main used by Egyptians and Persians. However , through this experiment, this aimed to produce a dye typically referred to as Sudan-1. Sudan-1 is a lysochrome with the chemical substance formula 1-phenylazo-2-naphthol. It is a powder substance with an orange-red color. This azo coloring is most commonly found in waxes, oils, and in addition in some food coloring ingredients – curry powder and chili natural powder. However , arsenic intoxication Sudan-1 in many foods now could be currently being restricted because it continues to be classified to become carcinogenic. This kind of experiment focused on synthesizing of 1-phenylazo-2-naphthol the industry two-step effect. The initially reaction is a reaction of aniline with nitrous oxide acid, which is called diazotization and second, the response of diazonium salt and beta-naphtol to create azo color which is the coupling reaction. Figure one particular Diazotization Reaction of Aniline to make a Diazonium Sodium Figure 1 Diazotization Reaction of Aniline to generate a Diazonium Sodium In diazotization reaction, there is a formation of diazonium debris. This reaction is made possible every time a primary fragrant amine is treated with nitrous chemical p. Then in coupling reaction, the electrophilic substitution result of a diazonium salt with an stimulated aromatic band formed a azo mixture specifically a great azo absorb dyes.[3] The main target of this examine was to have the ability to synthesize Sudan-1. Also, it aimed to characterize the azo dye with its most unique physical homes. Furthermore, this kind of experiment likewise aimed to understand the mechanism behind the synthesis of Sudan-1.


Figure 2 Coupling Result of Benzene Diazonium Chloride with ОІ -Naphthol Figure 2 Coupling Result of Benzene Diazonium Chloride with ОІ -Naphthol Aniline was reacted NaNO2 crystals beneath acidic condition using HCl in a cold weather. The solution was done in an extremely cold temperature for the reason that phenyldiazonium more advanced easily decomposes back to its aniline equal at a rather high temperature; therefore the temperature of the solution was taken care of in an glaciers bath under 5В°C. Rock and roll salt can also be added to the ice bath to take care of the heat. However , with this experiment, zero rock debris were added instead constant monitoring from the temperature was done. ОІ-naphthol solution was used as a joining reagent in synthesizing Sudan-1. In organizing ОІ-naphthol option,...

Cited: 1 ) Brown, William H. ain al. Introduction to Organic Biochemistry and biology. 3rd release. New Jersey: John Wiley and Sons, Incorporation. 2005.

installment payments on your Bruice, Paula Y. 2009. Organic Hormone balance. Upper Saddle River NJ: Academic Internet Publishers


4. McMurry, John. 2010. Foundations of Organic Chemistry. Singapore: Cengage Learning Asia Pte. Ltd



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